The last decade was a great eventful in Canadian immigration history. There is a significant increase in Canada’s levels of permanent residents, international students, and foreign workers. The complete renovating of Canada’s economic class program was among other major transformations that also impacted the family and refugee class programs. It is expected that the coming decade will see more major changes given the fact that Canada still has more need for immigrants.

Canada’s ageing population and the low birth rate is the main reason that they need more skilled migrant because population growth is important to stimulating the economic growth that is necessary to maintain Canada’s high quality of life. Hence, if Canada wants its population to continue to grow by one per cent annually or more, it will need to gradually increase its newcomer levels from its target of 350,000 in 2021 to about 400,000 annually by the end of the decade.

As Canada’s nine million baby boomers inch towards retirement, there will be plenty of job opportunities available and Canadian-born workers and immigrants alike should benefit from these changes. We have already seen this manifest itself over the past decade as federal government data shows immigrants are enjoying stronger outcomes. Federal research also demonstrates that providing provinces, employers, and post-secondary institutions with a role in the selection process supports positive immigrant labour market performance.

Surveys indicate that half of Canada’s 600,000 international students indicate they wish to become Canada Permanent Residents, meaning Canada is likely to see more of them become immigrants this decade. This will be a welcome development because international students fare very well in the labour market, and will become key drivers of economic growth since they will be workers and consumers in Canada for decades.
However, the fact immigrants will comprise a greater share of Canada’s population over the coming decades may protect it from a rise in populism given that immigrants predominantly reside in Canada’s largest cities—which have the most political sway.

Finally, the changing nature of work will further complicate matters for Canada’s immigration system. Canadian stakeholders will have to grapple with numerous issues such as the value of assessing credentials even though some employers are moving away from screening credentials in their hiring processes, selecting immigrants in a fast-evolving labour market, and managing higher levels of temporary foreign workers due to globalization.

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